Newly Discovered Tarantula Lurks Inside Bamboo

The nest of Taksinus Bambus.

The nest of Taksinus Bambus.
Picture: JoCho Sippawat (CC BY 4.0)

Researchers have explained a new species is a species of tarantula in Thailand. Jumbo spiders live inside bamboo stalks, which have never been recorded kale in tarantulas.

New research at ZooKeys describes an previously unknown tarantula, which lives in the jungles of the province of Tak in Thailand. It is called Taxinus bamboo, tarantulas crawl inside Asian bamboo stalks (gigantochloa), where they build their own silk canals.

Taksinus tarantula nest inside bamboo.

Taksinus tarantula nest inside bamboo.
Picture: JoCho Sippawat (CC BY 4.0)

“These animals are amazing,” Narin Chomphuphuang, co-author and researcher at Khon Kaen University in Thailand, wrote. guest post for the Pensoft blog. “These are the first known tarantulas that have ever lived with bamboo.

The Discovery also reinforces the importance of bamboo to wildlife, as it reflects the evolution of tarantulas. It also showcases a number of unknown species of Thai forests.

Samples were collected in the Tak district in July 2020 at the high point 1,000 meters. Tarantulas have black and gray bodies and golden yellow strings on their legs. They are really very interesting.

“We searched through all the trees in the area where they found the species. This species is special because it is related to bamboo, and we have never seen any tarantula of any kind, ”said Narin. “Bamboo is important for this tarantula, not only for its livelihood but also because it is found in the mountain forests of northern Thailand,” he said, adding that “it is no exaggeration to say that now. Tarantula is very rare in Thailand.”

JoCho Sippawat, co-author of the latest research and well-known wildlife YouTuber, found tarantulas, which led to the alliance with Chomphuphuang and Chaowalit Songangchote, arachnologist at Kasetsart University in Bangkok, Thailand.

Examples of bamboo-nesting tarantulas.

Examples of bamboo-nesting tarantulas.
Picture: C. Songsangchote et al., 2022 / ZooKeys (CC BY 4.0)

Tarantulas were found within the delicate Asian bamboo stalks. Insects that enter the nest range from 0.79 to 1.2 inches (2 to 3 inches) wide in diameter and grow into larger gaps. Arachnids live within silica lines, tubes, which were either in jars or in the middle of bamboo. All tarantulas in bamboo poles form silk tubes that cover the invisible holes (see figure E above for a good example).

According to researchers, tarantulas cannot produce the fungi themselves, which requires accidental exposure to other animals. No. Problem, because bamboo is fed to all kinds of creatures, from worms and worms. to wooden beehives and rodents. Bamboo can also tear itself, as a result of rapid humidity changes, drying, or pouring water and then drying it out quickly.

The tarantula Taksinus bambus in its place.

The tarantula Taksinus bambus in its place.
Picture: JoCho Sippawat (CC BY 4.0)

In addition to the new systems and environment (no other arboreal spiders live near this area), researchers were able to differentiate these species by observing the differences in their genitals. Mostly, men have a short embolus. The embolus, located on the pedipalps, is used by males to deliver sperm to females during fertilization.

A newly formed nation, Taksinus, live within the small group of Ornithoctoninae of Southeast Asia tarantulas. The group named the new tarantula in honor of Thai Emperor Taksin the Great, who ruled the Tak province in the 18th century.

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